Joshua Spivak

Joshua Spivak

Joshua Spivak is the author of “Recall Elections: From Alexander Hamilton to Gavin Newsom.” He is a senior research fellow at Berkeley Law's California Constitution Center and a senior fellow at the Hugh L. Carey Institute for Government Reform at Wagner College.

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The exception to South Dakota’s pioneering role in direct democracy

By: - May 30, 2023

An effort to kick Baltic Mayor Deborah McIsaac out of office over a fight about a housing development highlights a surprising fact about South Dakota’s political process: Voters have been unusually hesitant to use recall elections against officials. As the very first state to adopt the initiative and referendum back in 1898, the Mount Rushmore […]